What Is Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD)?
Posttraumatic stress is the psychological reaction to a severely stressful and physically threatening event that often results in anxiety, flashbacks, hypervigilance, depression, suicidal ideation, and other mental health concerns for an extended period of time. People who experience PTSD may continue to feel afraid or anxious even when no danger is present.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can develop from a variety of traumatic incidents, from natural disasters to sexual assault. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition (DSM-5), to be diagnosed with PTSD, a person must have experienced or witnessed a traumatic, physically threatening event or have learned that a traumatic event happened to a close friend or family member, and display specific symptoms for at least one month.
Counselling is the most effective form of treatment for healing from the effects of trauma. Counselling can help people who have experienced trauma and those diagnosed with PTSD; make sense of their experiences and feelings, learn healthy coping skills, and connect with other resources and support. A trained therapist can help people heal from trauma even long after the event and in some cases, years after a traumatic event took place. Unresolved trauma is one of the most common reasons people seek counseling or therapy.
We may avoid situations or people that remind us of the trauma. We may be emotionally numb, depressed, or anxious. Sometimes, people turn to drugs to numb feelings of terror that last for weeks, months, and in some cases, years after a trauma.
The types of therapy that are most commonly used and recognized for their effectiveness in trauma treatment are cognitive behavioral therapy ( CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).